Dr. Bahman Amani, Dr. Seyedeh Zahra Nozen & Majid Zarei
University of Malayer, Amin Police Science University & University of Malayer
Was William Shakespeare a politician? Was the Bard politically affiliated to the court? Was he appointed to any political position? If not, then, why did William Shakespeare compose political works? This study aims to look at Shakespeare’s works from a political point of view. In fact, Shakespeare acted as an outsider in political affairs and apparently have not taken side with or against any political faction of the then England. This study will also provide a political background concerning the ideas of Shakespeare about politics and politicians which are well fancied in his political works. He did not seem to be willing to challenge the politicians of his era directly. Hence, it may be conjured that Shakespeare preferred to act like Plato who without having a hand in politics cleverly infused his principles to the court as opposed to Socrates who involved himself in the politics as an insider and suffered despair and misery in turn. Depiction of political utopia and dystopia is one of Shakespeare’s main concerns. Thereupon, there could be a classification of his works into two political categories: comedies as utopias and tragedies as dystopias. In conclusion, this paper aims at contributing to the debate over politicality of the Shakespearean comedies and tragedies.
The above abstract is part of the article which was accepted at The Second National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 4-5 February 2016 , Iran-Ahwaz.