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شبکه های اجتماعی

The Effect of Facebook In-group Interactions on the Speaking Skill of the Introvert and Extrovert Iranian EFL Learners

Dr. SedighehVahdat & Fatemeh Salami

Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz

 

Regarding the impressive innovation in social relations due to formation of online social networks, on top of them, Facebook (FB), applied linguistic scholars along with other fields of study; attempt to discover ways to benefit from it. The present study explored the possible relationship between online FB in-group interaction and speaking skill of Iranian extravert and introvert intermediate EFL learners of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz and Jahad Daneshgahi of Ahvaz. First, participants’ personality style was identified by Eysenck personality inventory. Then an interview with IELTS format as a pretest of speaking was conducted. In the second phase of the study, participants joined in a FB group and interacted for two months, after that another interview was conducted as posttest. To inspect any significant difference in participants’ performance in terms of language production and grammar accuracy, two-related sample Sign test applied. The p-value for introverts and extravert was 0.109 and 0.008 respectively, which implied the inefficiency of treatment for introvert learners. Although the results of the study suggest an increase in learners’ meaningful interactions in target language contributing to incidental learning, but planning it as a part of an educational project leads to more comprehensive study and findings.

The above abstract is part  of the article which was accepted at The Second National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 4-5 February 2016 , Iran-Ahwaz.