Dr. Rajab Esfandiari, Imam Khomeini International University
Academic words play a central role in enabling EFL learners in their specialized study fields to publish a research paper in an English journal or write their dissertations in English. In this corpus-based study, we created an Economics Dissertation Corpus (EDC) to identify the most frequent academic words in Economics. To develop the EDC, we used 187 MA and PhD dissertations from 12 subdiscplines in Economics. The resultant corpus comprised 5,041,401 million words. Using frequency, range, and specialized occurrence, we developed an Economics Word List (EWL) from the EDC containing the most frequently-used academic words in Economics. The EWL comprised 1,122 academic words, which accounts for approximately 2% of the EDC in this study. The results suggest that researchers need to create discipline-specific word lists to cater for lexical needs of EFL Economics learners when they need to write a dissertation in English. The findings of the present study can be sued to develop Economics vocabulary textbooks and raise EFL learners’ consciousness in using the most frequently-used academic words in Economics.
The above abstract is part of the article which was accepted at The First National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 5-6 March 2015 , Iran-Ahwaz.