Development of a Discipline-Specific Academic Word List

Dr. Rajab Esfandiari, Imam Khomeini International University

Academic words play a central role in enabling EFL learners in their specialized study fields to publish a research paper in an English journal or write their dissertations in English. In this corpus-based study, we created an Economics Dissertation Corpus (EDC) to identify the most frequent academic words in Economics. To develop the EDC, we used 187 MA and PhD dissertations from 12 subdiscplines in Economics. The resultant corpus comprised 5,041,401 million words. Using frequency, range, and specialized occurrence, we developed an Economics Word List (EWL) from the EDC containing the most frequently-used academic words in Economics. The EWL comprised 1,122 academic words, which accounts for approximately 2% of the EDC in this study. The results suggest that researchers need to create discipline-specific word lists to cater for lexical needs of EFL Economics learners when they need to write a dissertation in English. The findings of the present study can be sued to develop Economics vocabulary textbooks and raise EFL learners’ consciousness in using the most frequently-used academic words in Economics.

The above abstract is part  of the article which was accepted at The First National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 5-6 March 2015 , Iran-Ahwaz.

The Effect of Technology Confidence and Computer Accessibility on Iranian EFL University Teacher's Attitudes towards the Use of CALL in University Courses

Dr. Sepideh Alavi & Marzieh Abdollahipour, Shiraz University

While research on the need for implementing Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) in educational settings seems necessary in the modern world of today, scant attention has been paid to its application in many educational contexts. The present study aimed at investigating the effect of variables such as technology confidence, computer accessibility, frequency of use, level of education, gender, and age on university teachers’ attitudes towards CALL. The participants of this study were 60 teachers of English literature, TEFL, translation and linguistics, teaching at four universities of Shiraz, with an age range of 20 to 50. They responded to two different questionnaires; a Teachers' Attitude Questionnaire and a Technology Integration Confidence Scale. Chi squares were computed to find possible significant differences between the participants’ attitudes towards CALL, and Pearson Product Moment and Spearman’s rho correlations were run to find relationships between the participants' attitudes towards the application of CALL in language classrooms and technology confidence, computer accessibility, frequency of use, and level of education. The results showed that participants had strong positive attitudes towards CALL, and that positive correlations existed between their attitudes and frequency of computer use and technology confidence.

The above abstract is part  of the article which was accepted at The First National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 5-6 March 2015 , Iran-Ahwaz.

The Role of Brain Dominance and English Level in Listening and Speaking Strategies of Shiraz University EFL Learners

Dr. Sepideh Alavi & Nastaran Mireskandari, Shiraz University

The present study aimed to investigate the general pattern of brain dominance of undergraduate Shiraz University students and also the effect of brain dominance and proficiency level on the use of speaking strategies (SSs) and listening comprehension strategies (LCSs). Data were collected from 142 undergraduate Shiraz University students. The Quick Placement Test was administered to determine the students’ proficiency level. Accordingly, students were divided into lower intermediate (LI), upper intermediate (UI), and advanced learners (Ad). By applying the Hemispheric Dominance Test, participants were classified as right-, left- and whole-brained. The Farsi version of a speaking strategy questionnaire and a strategy inventory for listening comprehension were administered to evaluate the students’ use of speaking and listening strategies. The results indicated that Iranian EFL university students were mostly right brained. No significant difference was found between right-, left- and whole-brained learners in their overall pattern of SS and LCS use. As per SSs and LCSs categoies, the only significant differences between left brained, right brained and whole brained learners were related to their use of compensatory SSs. No significant difference was found between LI, UI, and Ad learners in their overall pattern of SS and LCS use; however, considering the categories of SSs and LCSs, significant differences were found between these groups on their use of metacognitive SSs and LCSs.

The above abstract is part  of the article which was accepted at The First National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 5-6 March 2015 , Iran-Ahwaz.

The State-of-the-Art in Linguistics in 2017: An Iranian View

Dr. Mohammad Dabir-Moghaddam,

AllamehTabataba'i University (& Academy of Persian Language and Literature), Iran

 

In this talk, I intend to provide a state-of-the-art review of the basic tenets, assumptions, and concerns of the four major approaches to the study of human language. These approaches are as follows: The Generative Enterprise, Systemic Functional Grammar, Cognitive Linguistics, and Linguistic Typology. I will then rely on my own research on Persian and other Iranian languages of Iran to assess the major claims of the mentioned approaches to the study of language. This talk will reveal my own theoretical concerns and assumptions about the architecture of language. In my research on Ancient and Modern Iranian languages, I have arrived at the following results: (A) Form and structure do play a crucial role in the architecture and design of these languages and more generally and analogically in the architecture of human languages: The existence of the syntactic domains; (B) Though I assume the modularity of language and mind, I am convinced that the very existence of options, choices, and variations that are allowed by languages are due to pragmatic, discoursal, and information structure factors: Mobile clitics; (C) The results reported in (A) and (B) suggest that a modular and interface-based model of language which allows the interdependence of form, meaning, and function, hence a formal-functional view of language seems to be more compatible with the real, authentic, and corpus-based data; (D) Synchrony may reveal decisive data and information on archaic patterns and structures and the processes of language change and on the notion of endangerment; (E) How much do we benefit from the theoretical developments and theoretical state-of-the-art in the field for applied purposes and more specifically in language teaching?

 

 

The above abstract is part  of the article which was accepted at The First International Conference on Current Issues of Languages, Dialects and Linguistics (WWW.LLLD.IR) & The Third National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 2-3 February 2017 , Iran-Ahwaz.

The Application of Diminutives in the Translation of Texts: A Case Study of German Semantics in Translation

Dr. Bisserka Veleva,

Sofia University, Bulgaria

 

This research has the aim to round out andto specify the essential characteristics of the semantic category diminutionin some textual productions and summaries, necessary to conduct the assessment of the diminutive nounsin contrastive pattern between the Bulgarian as Slavic languageand the German as Germanic language. The study has the implications to the phonological, word-structure and grammar features of the both languages. However, the focus had been turned towards the functional use of deminutives in the texts and their further generalization as a semantic category. The main purpose of this presentation is to underlie the main guidelines and tendencies, to highlight the general and diverse specifications and peculiarities, which are required as a theoretical and methodological platform for the contrastive analysis in the diminution, to suggest answers to the raised questions, to make necessary conclusions and generalizations regarding the conceptual component of the category diminution in the contrastive intra-linguistic aspect.

 

The above abstract is part  of the article which was accepted at The First International Conference on Current Issues of Languages, Dialects and Linguistics (WWW.LLLD.IR) & The Third National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 2-3 February 2017 , Iran-Ahwaz.

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